Category Archives: Community involvement

Relevant Cities

By John Prevc

Cities need to keep pace with societal changes in order to ensure that they remain relevant for their inhabitants. This means designing flexible and adaptable cities where streets, spaces and buildings are able to slowly metamorphosize into places that resonate in their own time. Cities need to mature carefully, keeping the best and most significant markers of their culture and identity and hence preserving their individuality and essence.

We are unable to accurately guess where we will be even in the not-too-distant future. Keeping our cities relevant for the communities that inhabit them requires an understanding of the human condition and in particular our social and economic interdependence and our need to exchange information with each other. The human condition is consistent and universal, adapting to the context of place and time. Relevant cities are therefore a product of time and how we as humans interface with it.

Today’s relevant cities

Successful cities are cities that offer people opportunities to improve their lives. Whether it’s through an increase in employment opportunities, better housing, a well-established social infrastructure, a connected and well-maintained transport system or simply a cool place to be and hang out, it’s choice that’s the differentiator.

So how do successful cities optimise choice? We believe that one of the most significant factors is greater density. The exchange of information is at the heart of both economic and social success in the community. Through increased density connections are improved. Dense cities encourage social inclusion, foster business development, improve connections between members of the community and help to reinforce identity and a sense of place through design excellence.

High density life

High density brings life to the city

How do we deliver design excellence within a high-density city location? Our starting point would be to ask the community what it is that they feel they need. Consulting with the community and broader stakeholders will make cities more relevant. The specifics of place and the maintenance of uniqueness is something that lives in those who experience the area on a day-to-day basis. It is when a community is asked to adopt a commercial or political vision imposed from those on the outside that relevance is lost.

We can no longer consider the family unit in the traditional way. We are a more mobile society, more often than not living away from our families as we follow work opportunities. We live on our own for much longer at both ends of our lives and the fear of isolation brings us closer to those living and working around us. Our city communities are an extended family and often bring more relevance to our lives than our own blood line.

These social changes, together with an escalation in property prices especially in London, suggest that homes need to become more affordable either through a policy of subsidy or/and the consideration of smaller homes for single person habitation. Smaller homes will not however help families with children. Families with children are finding it increasingly difficult to afford three and four bedroom homes. If we are to encourage whole life city living and a more balanced community we will need to build variety of size and tenure.

Cities with greater densities encourage people to walk and cycle as distances between destinations are reduced and more accessible. Improvements in health and wellbeing are tangible results of this, with all of the social, environmental and economic benefits that this brings. The reduction in the pace of movement increases opportunities for people to meet informally and exchange information. This improves social cohesion and has economic benefit. It also makes for a more vibrant and active public realm which is safer.

Lower car use

Dense cities have lower car use than small suburban towns

Dense cities are green cities in both the physical and figurative sense. They offer visual and functional amenity at all scales, from the balcony to the private garden through to the public square and park. Density is a balance between building and open space giving people an environment where there are clear and well-defined boundaries between their public and private lives.

Density improves choice not only in terms of jobs and housing but also in terms of the types of goods and services available on the high street. Competition increases choice, reduces costs and improves quality. A significant population within the local community allows the market to offer a bespoke service which is adaptive and flexible following the societal needs which it will reflect if it is to be successful. For cities to remain relevant they need to be nimble and responsive adapting to the community they serve.

Flexible buildings

Flexible cities enable buildings to evolve with time

 

This essay was extracted from the Future Spaces Foundation report: Vital Cities not Garden Cities: the answer to the nation’s housing shortage?

 

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Accelerate!

Accelerate! is the first ever access programme into university for Year 11 and 12 state schools students developed by Open-City. It is aimed at young people who want to pursue a career in architecture or the built environment but would benefit from mentoring and skills enhancement.

Make and the Bartlett School of Architecture are working in partnership with Open-City to deliver this exciting programme, which is targeting students from underprivileged backgrounds. The key aim is to help them develop the skills required for entry to higher education architecture-related courses through early intervention and mentoring.

This 18-month scheme will enable these young people to reach their full potential and improve their chances of entering higher education. Practical work experience sessions held at the Make studio over a 12-week period, involving direct engagement with design professionals, will equip the students with the experience, skills and confidence needed to aid them in achieving places at university.

Accelerate! is educating those young people who will become built environment professionals in years to come; in the long-term, this will result in a more representative demographic group shaping our future cities.

The 12-week work experience summer programme will help young people to develop a number of important skills and experience, including:

  • Critical thinking
  • Independent learning
  • Communication
  • Transiting from school to a working environment

   

Open-City

Open-City is an independent not-for-profit architecture and built environment education organisation, expert in the field of bringing architecture to the future generations. They have been delivering free education programmes to some 30,000 state school students over the past 10 years.

Their school and youth programmes  lead the way in exploring architecture and urban design and inspire young people to explore London’s built environment, equipping them with creative and communication skills that can support their learning.

Make has been involved with Open-City since 2006 and has participated in a wide range of educational and mentoring programmes.

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